Learning About Your Reproductive System

Female reproductive system

Changes on the outside are directly related to what is happening on the inside. It is all part and function of female reproductive system. Your female reproductive organs are present from birth, but it is not until puberty that they fully develop and are a sign that your body is physically getting ready to have children.

 

There are 5 main parts of the female reproductive system:

Ovum

Also known as an egg, the ovum is a reproductive cell which will develop into a foetus if fertilized by sperm. With the onset of puberty, one (sometimes two) ovum is released each month during your menstrual cycle.

Ovary

An ovum is nurtured in an ovary, meaning this is where eggs develop. Women have two ovaries. Eggs travel from the ovaries, through the fallopian tubes, into the uterus.

Uterus

Also known as the womb, this is where a fertilised egg will become a foetus.

Fallopian tube

Once a month, an egg travels down one of the fallopian tubes from the ovary to the uterus.

Cervix

The cervix joins the lower part of the uterus with the upper part of the vagina.

Uterine lining

This is a layer of tissue that lines the uterus. During the menstrual cycle, this lining thickens to prepare for the fertilisation of an egg. If an egg is not fertilised, the uterine lining will shed. This is your period.

Vagina

This is the passage joining the outer sexual organs with the uterus, where menstrual fluid leaves a women’s reproductive systems.

 

Knowing your reproductive system will help you prepare for the changes that come with puberty and getting your first period.

The advice provided in this material is general in nature and is not intended as medical advice. If you need medical advice, please consult your health care professional.

 

 

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