Female Reproductive System

Things You Need to Know About the Female Reproductive System

Female reproductive system

As a parent or guardian to a young girl, it is important to know about the female reproductive system, and as a mother, these are things you may already know about. With this article, you will be equipped with the terms and definitions that help you understand what your young girl is going through and how to have conversations about it.

Changes on the outside are directly related to what is happening on the inside. It is all part and function of female reproductive system. The female reproductive organs are present from birth, but it is not until puberty that they fully develop, and are a sign that a female’s body is physically getting ready to have children.


Also known as an egg, the ovum is a reproductive cell which will develop into a foetus if fertilized by sperm. With the onset of puberty, one (sometimes two) ovum is released each month during the menstrual cycle.


An ovum is nurtured in an ovary, meaning this is where eggs develop. Women have two ovaries. Eggs travel from the ovaries, through the fallopian tubes, into the uterus.


Also known as the womb, this is where a fertilised egg will become a foetus.

Fallopian tube

Once a month, an egg travels down one of the fallopian tubes from the ovary to the uterus.


The cervix joins the lower part of the uterus with the upper part of the vagina.

Uterine lining

This is a layer of tissue that lines the uterus. During the menstrual cycle, this lining thickens to prepare for the fertilisation of an egg. If an egg is not fertilised, the uterine lining will shed. This is your period.


This is the passage joining the outer sexual organs with the uterus, where menstrual fluid leaves a woman’s reproductive system.


Knowing the female reproductive system will help you and your young girl prepare for the changes that come with puberty and getting their first period.

The advice provided in this material is general in nature and is not intended as medical advice. If you need medical advice, please consult your health care professional.



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